Smoking – causes, harm, how to get rid of a bad habit



Inhaling smoke from smouldering tobacco or other preparations, most commonly plant-based, to saturate the body with nicotine and other substances that have psychoactive properties. The smoke travels through the respiratory tract into the alveoli where it mixes with the smoker’s blood and reaches the brain, causing the smoker to feel the effects of the smoke.

Synonyms are tobacco smoking, smoking, puffing.

In addition to tobacco smoking, hookah is popular today, as well as legal highs, marijuana and other substances banned under the laws of most countries in the world.

You might say, “How? Is bong in there too?” The answer is yes! Those substances used in bongs are also bad for your health.

Smoking is highly addictive and addictive, without which a person cannot perform daily tasks properly. This is due to the impairment of mental health in the absence of a dose of the substances contained in the cigarette. Also, when smoking cigarettes, a person develops severe diseases of the respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive and other systems.

It is worth pointing out that the addictiveness and further dependence on tobacco smoking is caused by nicotine. The other substances in cigarettes only multiply the harmful effects of smoking on the body.

Many modern smokers have replaced smoking classic cigarettes to electronic cigarettes IQOS (aikos), which according to the manufacturers, mainly Philip Morris International (the developer and main manufacturer of IQOS) bears less harm to human health, because in IQOS tobacco does not burn, but just heated, so the amount of harmful substances released from tobacco is 95% less than smoldering. Nevertheless, this does not offset all the harms of smoking. Moreover, last year in some cities in the USA and other countries, there were strange cases of sudden deaths of various people; when investigating it turned out that they used different e-cigarette sticks for smoking, as we wrote about in this article.

Be that as it may, smoking tobacco, whether in the form of smoldering, or heating, contributes to the development of many different respiratory diseases, most often of an oncological nature, due to which each year in the world according to WHO more than 8 million people die, and that only according to official statistics.

Pay attention to the fact that the harm caused by smoking is not only caused by the smoker himself, but also the people around him, who unwittingly inhale tobacco smoke. Such people are called passive smokers, and the smoke entering their respiratory organs produces the same changes as in a primary smoker.

Therefore, passive smoking is also dangerous to one’s health!

Smokers also have a popular myth about the safety of filter cigarettes, but as numerous studies and WHO statistics show, harmful substances pass through various filters and are no less harmful to human health.

Remember, smoking any cigarette is dangerous to a person’s life!

The harm of smoking

Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth (by a factor of 2), the birth of an abnormal or dead baby1. The risk of ectopic pregnancy also increases, by a factor of 2.5, and the risk of placenta detachment (50%). The babies born to mothers who smoke often have a number of abnormalities (up to 50%), among which harelip, cleft palate, inguinal hernia, strabismus, heart defects, mental disabilities, mental and physical retardation are particularly popular.

Passive smoking in an infant can lead to sudden death syndrome.

The presence of carbon monoxides in tobacco smoke leads to oxygen starvation of the body, as these gaseous compounds, which are odourless and colourless, bind to haemoglobin 200 times more strongly and faster than oxygen. The oxygen content is thus reduced and tissue starvation occurs. Incidentally, it is carbon monoxide, known as carbon monoxide (CO), which in high concentrations causes the most lethal poisoning. Such cases occur with faulty gas appliances, as reported periodically by various media. The lack of oxygen impairs the function of the brain and other nervous, cardiovascular and other systems.

Hydrocyanic acid has a negative effect on the cilia lining the inner membranes of the bronchial tree, so that the purging function of the respiratory system is impaired and various pathogens can accumulate there. In addition, hydrocyanic acid inhibits the activity of certain enzymes containing iron, thereby impairing the formation of haemoglobin and its transport function to deliver oxygen to various tissues.

The deposition of tar and other toxic substances on the walls of the respiratory tract causes irritation, inflammation and atrophy, so smokers are more likely to suffer from various ARIs, especially pneumonia, alveolitis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis and other respiratory system diseases.

Smoking among children leads to chronic respiratory diseases.

Aldehydes (acrolein, formaldehyde and others) cause nervous system disorders and trigger the development of bronchial asthma. In addition, there is a risk of cystitis when products of their metabolism are eliminated through the urinary system.

Nicotine is highly addictive and dependent, not only because of its strong toxic activity (3 times stronger than arsenic!), but also because of its narcotic nature.

Nicotine interferes with the normal flow of nerve impulses, which weakens the connection between the brain and other organs/systems. This results in various neurological disorders such as dizziness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, seizures and even loss of consciousness. Sensitivity, touch – taste, smell, hearing, sight, muscle control (and even unconscious control by the nervous system of various organs such as the intestines, which can cause constipation and other disorders), may be reduced and you may experience occasional tremors in the body. Chronic nicotine use impairs mental performance and memory. A nicotine dose of 60 mg is fatal.